Learn AD in 15 Minutes a Week: Windows 2000 Server Software Management Tools
Welcome to the tenth installment of Learn Active Directory Design and Administration in 15 Minutes a Week, a weekly series aimed at current IT professionals preparing to write the new Windows Active Directory Design and Administration exams (70-219 and 70-217 respectively), as well as newcomers to the field who are trying to get a solid grasp on this new and emerging directory service from Microsoft. This installment is going to cover some of the Windows 2000 Server Software Management Tools for handling the deployment and management of software through Group Policy. This week is going to focus on Software Installation Mechanics and assigning and publishing software to users and computers.
Jason Zandri's latest article in the Learn Active Directory Design and Administration in 15 Minutes a Week covers some of the Windows 2000 Server Software Management Tools for handling the deployment and management of software through Group Policy.
Software Installation Extension
System Administrators can use Software Installation and Active Directory Group Policy to centrally manage their networks initial deployment of software, all of its upgrades, patches, and quick fixes for the deployed software. You can update a version of the software, replace it and even totally remove it from systems using Software Installation and Active Directory Group Policy.
Software Installation settings allow you to ASSIGN software to users or to computers. When applications are assigned to users they are advertised to the user the next time he or she logs on to a workstation, regardless of which workstation that user logs in to because the software is assigned to their account. The assigned application is installed on the system the first time the user activates the application on the computer (e.g. selecting the ICON from the Start Menu, desktop or Quick Launch Menu) or by attempting to access a file associated with the application to be installed by assignment (e.g. double clicking on a spreadsheet would cause Excel to be installed due to assignment if it wasnt present on the system).
When you ASSIGN an application to a computer, the application is advertised to the local system, and the installation begins when the computer is first powered up by default.
Software Installation settings allow you to PUBLISH applications to users only. Computers cannot have applications published to them. When applications are published to users, the application shortcuts are not available on the Start Menu, desktop or Quick Launch Menu by default. The published application is available for users to install using Add/Remove Programs in Control Panel or by attempting to access a file associated with the application (e.g. double clicking on a spreadsheet would cause Excel to be installed if it wasnt present on the system.)
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