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Introduction to Windows .NET Server Page 3

Introduction to Windows .NET Server Page 3

By ServerWatch Staff (Send Email)
Posted May 21, 2002

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Once the system comes up again the GUI will engage and display the current status of the final phases of setup.

During this attended installation, the Setup program will pause for needed user input, such as the Regional and Language Option page as shown below.

After making any changes or accepting the defaults, Setup will continue to the "Personalize your Software" screen, where you would enter your personal information as you would like it to be shown on subsequent software installs. (This is the information that populates automatically in the name and organization fields of all the software installed on the system from this point forward.)

After this point you are directed to choose a licensing mode for your Windows .NET Standard Server.

All of the Windows .NET Servers support either Per Seat or Per Server licensing.

When you choose the Per Seat licensing, each computer that needs to access a server running Windows .NET Server requires a separate Client Access License (CAL). With client side licensing, clients can connect to any number of servers running products in the Windows .NET Server family or downlevel Windows Operating systems. Client side licensing is the most commonly used licensing
method for companies with many servers.

Per Server licensing means that each concurrent connection to the server requires a separate CAL. This means that the server can support a fixed number of connections at any one time. Whether or not the clients have a license or not doesn't come into play. The server will only be allowed to "serve" the number of concurrent connections allowed under its Per Server licensing configuration. (Think of this along the lines of, "It doesn't matter how many people in the lobby want to pay to see the movie, there are only so many seats.")

Per Server licensing mode is often preferred by small companies with only one or two servers.

You can perform a one-time change from Per Server mode to Per Seat mode at any given time after installation, but this is a one shot, one way only operation for the most part. Once performed, there is no way of practically reversing it, short of re-installing the Operating System or paying a transfer fee of some sort. (I keep seeing that as a reference, paying to perform the function of converting from Per Seat back to Per Server, but I haven't read much about what's involved and documentation on it seems non-existent.)

After you have made your licensing choice and continued, the next window that will prompt you for information will be the Computer Name and Administrator Password screen where you will choose the name of the system. (Setup will autogenerate a name and you can use it if you wish.)

Computer names should be 15 characters or less, and they can contain letters (A through Z), numbers (0 through 9), and hyphens (-), but no spaces or periods (.). While the names can contain numbers, they cannot consist entirely of numbers.

The maximum allowable length for a computer name is 63 characters. While names longer than 15 characters are permitted, computers running operating systems earlier than Windows 2000 will recognize systems only by the first 15 characters of the name only and this may cause certain network naming and resolution issues.

This same screen is where you will need to enter the password to be used with the default Administrator account.

For security reasons you should supply a password for the Administrator account. If you are allowed to leave the Administrator password blank and continue, this would tell the system that there is no password for this account and this is very insecure to have in any environment.

Passwords can have up to 127 characters, but this is impractical and cumbersome to remember. It is recommended that passwords have at least 7 characters, and they should contain a mixture of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and other allowed special characters such as *  ? : ; @ or $ to name a few.

After entering the password and verifying it, you would select NEXT to continue and arrive to the screen where you can set the date, time, and time zone settings. This is also where you would specify whether the system should automatically adjust for daylight saving time or not.

The next screen is the Specifying Networking Settings where you can allow the Typical Settings to be applied. You can also elect to Customize the settings now as well. (You are always free to customize the network settings after the operating system is loaded and under normal operation.)

There are a few changes to the Network Protocol additional settings options in the Windows .NET Server family, as you can see in the image below.

Most noticeable is the addition of the Reliable Multicast Protocol as well as support for Microsoft TCP/IP version 6.

The next step of the installation process after Specifying Networking Settings is the Specifying the Workgroup or Domain Name screen where you would choose to either have your Windows .NET Server be a standalone server in a workgroup or a member server in a domain.

If you are going to add the server to an existing domain you would need to supply the necessary credentials at this time if an account for the server hadn't already been created.

If you choose to add the server to a workgroup you need only to supply the name of the workgroup.

This is the final interactive step. The Setup program will continue for a few more minutes on its own. Once it has completed, the setup program will reboot the server and upon restart it will await user input at the logon screen.

The Configure Your Server Wizard appears on the screen the first time you log on locally to the server with the administrator account.

You can enable the Configure Your Server Wizard to finish installing optional components that you chose during setup or add additional components as well. There are options to configure domain controllers or member servers, file servers, print servers, Web and media servers, application servers, and networking and communications servers, all through this wizard.

After clicking NEXT on the Wizard Welcome screen, you are brought to the Preliminary Steps screen, shown below, where you can read over some of the steps that you should have already performed.

Once you continue past the network detection screen (shown below), you will arrive at the Server Role screen.

From this screen you can set up specific services that you wish to host from your Windows .NET Standard Server.

For this walkthrough I have selected to set up a web server via Internet Information Services 6.0 by highlighting it and selecting NEXT.

The next screen will prompt me as to whether I wish to install the Web user interface for Web server administration. I elected to do so and clicked NEXT to continue.

Setup performs the selections I chose from the Configure Your Server Wizard screen and shows a summary screen when the process is complete. I selected FINISH to close the window.

One of the first things you'll notice that's different in the Windows .NET Server family of servers is that everything on them is disabled or not configured by default, which is a huge departure from times past.

For example, when you go to launch the IIS6 MMC for the first time after the installation of the web service, the first thing to appear is the Web Server Security Lockdown Wizard.

As you can see in the next image below, you are given the option to CHOOSE whether the web service (via the HTTP: setting) should start automatically when the server starts or if it should wait for manual intervention.

You will also note that we got just what we asked for -- Web server services only from IIS6. There is no FTP, no SMTP and no NNTP because these were not selected at the time of our initial installation.

You'll also note in the image below that the only request handler that is enabled by default is Active Server Pages. Everything else is disabled by not having a configuration setting.

After continuing from here the tool makes these settings final and displays a summary on the completion screen where you can select FINISH to exit.

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