It’s quite common to find yourself replacing machines that are still
functional but just below the specs you now need — in which case it’s
preferable to rehome them, rather than just throw them out. But this can have
repercussions in terms of data security. Just deleting old data isn’t enough: It’s possible, if you know what you’re doing, to retrieve deleted data from the disk.
Tip of the Trade: Deleting old data isn’t enough, you need to make it irretrievable. DBAN is a downloadable and self-contained boot disk that wipes disks — fully and securely.
DBAN (Darik’s Boot And Nuke) is designed
to fully and securely wipe your disk. It’s a downloadable self-contained boot
disk, available for CD/DVD, floppy disk, or USB flash drive. Boot from it,
and it will look for hard disks on the system, then give you the option of
deleting any or all of them. (Note that for RAID arrays you may need to
disassemble the array first.)
Several wipe methods are available, from a quick erase to a full three-pass wipe, including a couple that are used by the U.S. Department of Defense! The autonuke option from the first screen will automatically run through all detected disks, securely wiping them, so be careful with it.
Be warned: A full standard disk wipe, especially on an old or slow machine,
can take a long time (three to four hours is quoted as standard, but it can be
much more than that on older machines). I usually leave it running overnight.
DBAN is easy to use and very secure, using multiple methods (including the
Gutmann method and
the Mersenne twister)
to ensure that data really is gone for good. It’s a handy program to keep
around on disk – but do make sure you label it very clearly!