Serverstune2fs Makes It Easy to Play With Filesystems

tune2fs Makes It Easy to Play With Filesystems




Juliet Kemp

The tune2fs command allows you to set assorted filesystem parameters on a mounted ext2 or ext3 filesystem. The basic syntax is:

Tip of the Trade: With the tune2fs command you can set assorted filesystem parameters on a mounted ext2 or ext3 filesystem.

tune2fs OPTIONS device

device will be something like /dev/hda1. Here are a couple of useful options to try out.

  • -c max-mount-counts enables you to change the number of
    mounts that trigger an automatic e2fsck check. To turn checking
    off altogether, use -1 or 0 – but use this with extreme caution!
    More useful is setting the value to different numbers for different
    partitions, so that you will not have every partition checked on the same
    bootup.
  • -j adds an ext3 journal to the filesystem, enabling you to
    journalize your non-journaled ext2 filesystems on the fly. The
    -J option sets journal parameters – you can change the
    journal size, or use an external device for the journal, e.g. if your
    existing filesystem is full). Since the journal file created is
    immutable, the file will be moved to a special inode next time you reboot.
    However, if you’re editing the root filesystem, you may need to run
    e2fsck from a rescue floppy, as the root FS is mounted read-only
    on boot. (Some systems, including Debian, have a workaround for
    this.)
  • -O options sets mount options and/or filesystem features for
    the system. If you set -O sparse_super, this limits the number
    of backup superblocks and can save some space in really large filesystems.
    For large directories, -O dir_index uses hashed b-trees to speed
    up directory lookups. Set more than one option at the same time by using
    a comma (no space!) between options. For example, -O
    dir_index,sparse_super
    for that giant filesystem with the big
    directories.

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