ServersIs your web server running unnecessary software? Page 5

Is your web server running unnecessary software? Page 5




It may take a while to figure out which software you don’t need and then to
make sure they aren’t started at boot time.
But even after you’ve configured them to not start, they may still be
currently running. You may be able to stop them by running the
appropriate System V-type script by using the “stop” command-line
argument. (Note that you didn’t previously remove these scripts; you
just removed the symlinks.) For example, to stop sendmail, you can try:
/etc/rc.d/rc.d/sendmail stop“. Of course, you can always use
ps to find the PIDs and then use kill to stop them. (Or your system may
have a killall command where you can use the process name as the
argument.)

It is a good idea to test your system after you’ve made major changes to
make sure the correct programs start at boot time — and the other
programs aren’t started. You could test it by rebooting, or stopping
everything and then running the appropriate rc script that starts
everything again, or by using init to change between modes (or
runlevels).

(I am curious about what other superfluous services are installed
by default. And, I am interested in examples of compromised security
due to unneeded services installed by default. Also, have you noticed
any dramatic performance changes since uninstalling unneeded services?
Share your comments below.)

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