ServersInstallation of mod_perl-enabled Apache Without Superuser Privileges Page 5

Installation of mod_perl-enabled Apache Without Superuser Privileges Page 5




    perl Makefile.PL PREFIX=/home/stas     INSTALLPRIVLIB=/home/stas/lib/perl5     INSTALLSCRIPT=/home/stas/bin     INSTALLSITELIB=/home/stas/lib/perl5/site_perl     INSTALLBIN=/home/stas/bin     INSTALLMAN1DIR=/home/stas/lib/perl5/man      INSTALLMAN3DIR=/home/stas/lib/perl5/man3

then replace PREFIX=/home/stas in the line:

  'makepl_arg' => q[PREFIX=/home/stas],

with all the variables from above, so that the line becomes:

  'makepl_arg' => q[PREFIX=/home/stas     INSTALLPRIVLIB=/home/stas/lib/perl5     INSTALLSCRIPT=/home/stas/bin     INSTALLSITELIB=/home/stas/lib/perl5/site_perl     INSTALLBIN=/home/stas/bin     INSTALLMAN1DIR=/home/stas/lib/perl5/man      INSTALLMAN3DIR=/home/stas/lib/perl5/man3],

If you arrange all the above parameters in one line, you can remove the
backslashes ().

Making a Local Apache
Installation

Just like with Perl modules, if you don't have permissions to install files
into the system area you have to install them locally under your home
directory. It's almost the same as a plain installation, but you have to run
the server listening to a port number greater than 1024 since only root
processes can listen to lower numbered ports.

Another important issue you have to resolve is how to add startup and
shutdown scripts to the directories used by the rest of the system services.
You will have to ask your system administrator to assist you with this issue.

To install Apache locally, all you have to do is to tell
.configure in the Apache source directory what target directories
to use. If you are following the convention that I use, which makes your home
directory look like the / (base) directory, the invocation
parameters would be:

  ./configure --prefix=/home/stas

Apache will use the prefix for the rest of its target directories instead
of the default /usr/local/apache. If you want to see what they
are, before you proceed add the --show-layout option:

  ./configure --prefix=/home/stas --show-layout

You might want to put all the Apache files under
/home/stas/apache following Apache's convention:

  ./configure --prefix=/home/stas/apache

If you want to modify some or all of the names of the automatically created
directories:

  ./configure --prefix=/home/stas/apache     --sbindir=/home/stas/apache/sbin
    --sysconfdir=/home/stas/apache/etc
    --localstatedir=/home/stas/apache/var     --runtimedir=/home/stas/apache/var/run     --logfiledir=/home/stas/apache/var/logs     --proxycachedir=/home/stas/apache/var/proxy

That's all!

Also remember that you can start the script only under a user and group you
belong to. You must set the User and Group directives
in httpd.conf to appropriate values.

Manual Local mod_perl Enabled
Apache Installation

Now when we have learned how to install local Apache and Perl modules
separately, let's see how to install mod_perl enabled Apache in our home
directory. It's almost as simple as doing each one separately, but there is one
wrinkle you need to know about which I'll mention at the end of this section.

Let's say you have unpacked the Apache and mod_perl sources under
/home/stas/src and they look like this:

  % ls /home/stas/src
  /home/stas/src/apache_x.x.x
  /home/stas/src/mod_perl-x.xx

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