Learn Windows XP Professional: Remote Installation Services (Page 2) Page 2

By ServerWatch Staff (Send Email)
Posted May 9, 2002

Performing the Upgrade Installation

The next point of the Upgrade installation is the setup type. Even though you are actually already within an existing operating system, you are not forced to upgrade to the new operating system. You can choose the option to perform a clean installation at this point. (The default recommended option is Upgrade, as shown above.)

The next page is the License Agreement, where you will need to click I Accept This Agreement, in order to continue.

Next, you will need to enter your 25-character product key on the product Key page.

The next phase from here will vary slightly depending on whether you are upgrading from a Windows 9x system, where you will be asked whether you want to upgrade to the NTFS file system from your FAT or FAT32 partition, or if you are upgrading from Windows NT4 (and are therefore already using NTFS), you will see the Upgrading To The Windows XP Professional NTFS File System page.

After you choose how you wish to handle the file system upgrade, setup will continue, reboot the computer and finish the upgrade of your system on its own.

Installing Windows XP Professional via Remote Installation Services

In order to install Windows XP Professional using the Remote Installation Service, you must install the RIS on a Windows 2000 server (either Server, Advanced Server or Datacenter) using the Remote Installation Services Setup Wizard. The server can be a member server or a domain controller -- it doesn't make a difference; however, the following services must be present on the network in order to use RIS:

DNS RIS relies on the DNS service for locating both the directory service and client computer accounts.
DHCP The DHCP service is required so that client computers that can receive an IP address.
Active Directory         RIS relies on the Active Directory service in for locating the RIS servers.

The shared volume where the RIS data is installed cannot be on the same drive that is running Windows 2000 Server. The volume must be large enough to hold the RIS software and the various Windows XP Professional images that are installed and that volume must be formatted with the NTFS 5 file system.

You begin the RIS server setup by logging on to the server with an account that has administrative permissions and then going to the Control Panel and selecting Add/Remove Programs. From here you will need to choose Add/Remove Windows Components and make sure that you have either the Windows I386 directory available for the installation or the Windows 2000 Server CDROM.

In the Add/Remove Windows Components window, select Remote Installation Services.

From this point, the remainder of the installation is automatic. (If the I386 source files cannot be found the system will prompt you to locate them.)

When the installation is completed, you'll need to restart your server to configure your RIS services.

You need to go back into the Control Panel and choose Add/Remove Windows Components again in order to start the configuration. (You can also type RIsetup from the run line or a command prompt as well.)

Click on Configure to begin. This will launch the Welcome to the Remote Installation Services Setup Wizard, as shown below. (The window below is the first thing you will see if you choose to type RIsetup from the run line or a command prompt.)

Once you continue you will be prompted with the default Remote Installation folder location of D:\RemoteIstall. You can elect to keep the default path or browse to a new location.

The volume you opt to use must be large enough to hold the RIS software and the various Windows XP Professional images that will be installed, and the volume must be formatted with the NTFS 5 file system.

By default, Remote Installation Services servers do not respond to requests for service from client computers. There are two settings available to use on the server.

If you select the "Respond to clients requesting service" option, Remote Installation Services is enabled and will respond to client computers requesting service.

Additionally, if you select the "Do not respond to unknown client computers" option, Remote Installation Services will respond only to known (prestaged) client computers.

You will also need to provide a name for the Windows installation image folder, as well as a friendly description for each image you install on the RIS server.

The last step the wizard performs is actually a series of events, as outlined in the image above.  Once the final step is completed, the setup wizard starts the required services for RIS to run. The server is complete at this point and will service client requests for CD-based installs.

Additional details of RIS configuration and administration from this point forward actually goes beyond the scope of what is required for installing Windows XP Professional CD-based installs via RIS. For additional information on RIS for Windows XP Professional, you can visit the Microsoft Website.

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