CareersWhat Does a Systems Analyst Do? Complete Job Description

What Does a Systems Analyst Do? Complete Job Description

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A systems analyst is a professional responsible for evaluating and improving the efficiency and effectiveness of an organization’s computer systems and designing new ones to meet the needs of the organization. They analyze business processes, gather requirements, and develop technical specifications to ensure that systems meet business requirements and goals. 

A systems analyst is crucial in bridging the gap between technology and business. As a result, they typically work closely with stakeholders, developers, and IT teams to ensure that the systems they design meet the organization’s needs and deliver business value. They are involved from the analysis phase of a project until the post-deployment assessment review.

If you want to pursue a career as a systems analyst or want to learn more about it, this article is for you. 

Common Qualifications to Be a Systems Analyst

A systems analyst must possess the following qualifications.


  • Familiarity with various operating systems, hardware, and software systems.
  • Knowledge of programming languages, databases, and software design.
  • Understanding of project management methodologies and experience in leading software development projects.
  • Excellent communication and interpersonal skills.
  • Ability to gather and analyze business requirements and translate them into technical specifications.
  • Ability to adapt to new technologies.
  • Strong organizational and time management skills and the ability to prioritize tasks effectively.


  • A bachelor’s degree in computer science, IT, engineering, or a related field. Some employers may want you to have a masters.
  • Knowledge and proficiency in various programming languages, software applications, and systems.
  • Relevant certifications, such as Certified Business Analysis Professional (CBAP), Certified Systems Analyst (CSA), Certified Associate in Project Management (CAPM) and Information Systems Professional (ISP) can also complement your formal education degree.


A systems analyst must have experience in the following areas:

  • Developing and documenting technical requirements and specifications.
  • Analyzing and evaluating current systems and processes to identify areas for improvement.
  • Collaborating with stakeholders to understand their business requirements and objectives.
  • Developing, testing, and launching new systems and procedures to meet the needs of the business.
  • Monitoring the performance of systems and fixing any issues that arise.
  • Conducting feasibility studies to determine the cost and benefits of potential strategies.
  • Ensuring that systems and processes are secure, effective, and compliant with industry standards and regulations.

Licensing and Physical Requirements

In most cases, a systems analyst is not required to hold a license to practice. However, obtaining a professional certification can demonstrate expertise and enhance job prospects.

The physical requirements for a systems analyst are relatively straightforward. The role primarily involves sitting at a desk and using a computer for extended periods. Good eyesight and dexterity are essential, as well as the ability to concentrate and pay attention to detail. 

It is also necessary to possess strong interpersonal and communicative skills and the ability to work well independently and in a group.

Core Responsibilities of Systems Analysts

Systems analysts are responsible for analyzing the business processes, identifying areas of improvement, and designing new and innovative solutions to meet the organization’s needs. They act as a link between the business and IT departments, facilitating communication and resolving issues to ensure the effectiveness of the company’s systems.

A systems analyst’s core responsibilities include the following.

  • Conducting routine maintenance and required upgrades on existing systems.
  • Designing new computer frameworks and systems.
  • Evaluating existing systems and making recommendations for upgrades or replacements.
  • Conducting risk assessments to identify potential problems and develop contingency plans.
  • Working together with business analysts, project managers, and the IT department to ensure solutions are viable and consistent.
  • Creating system guidelines and manuals.
  • Reviewing systems regularly and producing reports on possible improvements.
  • Collaborating with stakeholders to understand their needs and convey them to technical teams.

What Is the Average Systems Analyst Salary?

According to Glassdoor, the estimated total pay for a systems analyst is $87,498 annually in the United States, with an average salary of $80,817 annually. Below is the total pay trajectory for systems analysts.

  • Systems Analyst: $87,498 per year
  • Senior Systems Analyst: $118,810 per year
  • Systems Analyst IV: $134,514 per year

Should You Become a Systems Analyst?

The decision to become a systems analyst is a personal one and depends on various factors such as your interests, skills, and career goals. The systems analyst role is a promising career if you’re interested in computer science, information technology, and management. 

The role often includes long hours and stressful situations. You collaborate closely with a group to effectively address issues affecting the computer systems of large organizations. Jobs are available in most industries with public and private companies and healthcare facilities.

However, it’s important to do your research and understand the requirements and demands of the job before making a decision.

How to Become a Systems Analyst

Becoming a systems analyst requires a combination of education, experience, and technical skills. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to become a systems analyst:

1. Earn a Bachelor’s Degree

Systems analysts often need a bachelor’s degree in computer science, IT management, information systems, or a closely related discipline. A degree in this field will equip you with the fundamental abilities required to succeed in this career. Topics covered in these programs may include software development, software engineering, database systems, and project management.

2. Acquire Technical Skills

Systems analysts must have a strong understanding of a variety of technical concepts and tools, including programming languages, database management, and data analysis. Some of the most common programming languages include Java, Python, C++, and SQL. To work as a systems analyst, you should have a solid grasp of at least one programming language and be able to demonstrate proficiency in it.

3. Gain Work Experience

Getting some job experience is crucial if you want to pursue a career as a systems analyst. Internships, entry-level IT jobs, and even minor technology-related projects are great ways to get started in this field.

4. Earn Relevant Certifications

Earning certifications like Certified Systems Analyst (CSA) or Certified Business Analyst Professional (CBAP) demonstrates your professional expertise and dedication to the profession. In addition to making you more marketable to potential employers, certifications can open doors to better roles and higher salaries.

5. Develop a Solid Understanding of Business Processes

A solid understanding of business operations is essential to becoming a successful systems analyst. This includes project management, requirements gathering and documentation, testing, and implementation. You should understand and be able to implement several business analysis approaches.

6. Expand Your Network

Systems analysts might get even more from their work by connecting with others in the industry. Connect with like-minded professionals by attending events and posting on online discussion boards. This is an excellent way to network with other professionals in the field, learn about current trends from those already in the know, and increase your visibility.

7. Never Stop Learning

The technology industry is constantly evolving, and systems analysts must stay current with industry developments and trends. You can achieve this through ongoing education and professional development opportunities, such as attending conferences and industry events, taking courses, and reading relevant industry publications.

Bottom Line: Becoming a Systems Analyst

A systems analyst is a professional in charge of designing, implementing, and maintaining computer systems in a company. They work closely with stakeholders such as business owners, users, and technology teams to understand their requirements and analyze business processes.

Becoming a systems analyst is a challenging but rewarding journey. The role requires a strong understanding of technology, business processes, and stakeholder needs. 

However, if you are passionate about technology and have the ambition to grow and innovate continuously, then a career as a systems analyst may be the right path for you.

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