70-240 in 15 minutes a week: Managing, Configuring, and Troubleshooting Hardware and Device Drivers
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Welcome to the fourth article in my 70-240 in 15 minutes a week series. This week's article covers Implementing, Managing, and Troubleshooting Hardware Devices and Drivers. This includes a look at configuring and managing hardware, drivers, driver signing, multiple CPUs, and more. For those keeping score at home, there are approximately four more major topic areas to be covered for the Windows 2000 Professional section of the series. Once this is complete, we'll begin a look at Windows 2000 Server (70-215 material), followed by Active Directory Infrastructure (217), and finally Network Infrastructure (216). Once all is said and done, you should still have more than a good few months to actually write the exam - that's why you're here after all!
The material that this article will cover includes:
- Implementing, Managing and Configuring:
- Multiple display support
- Mobile computer hardware
- I/O devices
- Network Adapters
- Internet Connection Sharing (ICS)
- Managing and Troubleshooting:
- Drivers, Driver Signing, and System Files.
- Multiple CPU systems
Implementing Managing and Configuring Hardware Devices and Drivers
This section takes a look at hardware devices on a type-by-type basis. Note that to install, configure, or uninstall a device, you must be logged on as Administrator (or a member of the administrators group, of course). If an administrator has already loaded the drivers for a device, then you would not need administrative privileges to do these things.
One of the big changes in Windows 2000 is the support for Plug and Play. If you install a Plug and Play device, Windows will automatically assign resources to the device including IRQ numbers, DMA channels, I/O port addresses, and memory access ranges, and will ensure these are unique. However, with a non Plug and Play device, you may need to configure these settings manually, via Device Manager (found in the Computer Management tool and very similar to the Win98 tool). New devices can be added via Add/Remove Hardware in Control Panel, if the process isn't started automatically by Windows 2000 when you plug in a device. As shown below, The Add/Remove Hardware wizard will allow you to Add, Troubleshoot, Uninstall, or Unplug a device. This week's article covers Implementing, Managing, and Troubleshooting Hardware Devices and Drivers. This includes a look at configuring and managing hardware, drivers, driver signing, multiple CPUs, and more.
Once a device is installed in Windows 2000, the tool used to configure settings for that device is Device Manager. The tool allows you to view information about devices in a number of different ways. For example, you can view a device by type (CD-ROM, Monitor, etc), or by resource (IRQ, DMA, etc.), or by the bus that enumerated them. The default setting, 'Devices by type', is shown below with the Network adapters device type expanded.
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