70-240 in 15 minutes a week: Configuring the Desktop Environment and Managing Security Page 2

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Windows 2000 still also allows you to set up a logon script, which will execute when a user logs on. This can be used to do things such as map a network drive, map to printers, and so forth. Logon script properties are set on the properties of a user account, as show below:

Note that you need only provide the name of the script. The script itself should be stored in the Sysvol\domain\scripts folder on a domain controller. As in NT 4.0, you can also provide a home directory location, which can be either on the local machine or the network.

Multiple Language and Location Support

Windows 2000 is capable of supporting many different languages, and includes support for different locations. Language properties are set using General tab of the Regional Options applet in Control Panel, as shown below.

Do not confuse Language settings (the lower part of the screen above) with Locale settings (which will be discussed in a moment). Additional languages allow you to read and write documents in multiple languages. They do not change the interface language of the OS. Note that only an Administrator can install additional languages, and a reboot is required. 

Languages are different than Locales, which allow you to control settings about a language. This includes properties such as currency symbols, format of dates, numbers, and so forth. The two types of locales are user locales and input locales. User locales maintain settings on a per-user basis, such as currency symbols, date formats, etc. Input locales control the keyboard layout, and allow you to switch between layouts on the fly, via an icon in the system tray (as shown below). The input locales available will depend upon the languages that have been installed.

Just to confuse things, Windows 2000 is also available in a Multilanguage version, or a version that allows you to change the interface language from one language to another. For example, if you were supporting users who speak Spanish, they would be using the Spanish interface, but for support purposes, you could change the interface language to English. Each users profile would store their interface language preference. 

Windows Installer Packages

Windows 2000 includes a new service called the Windows Installer Service that is responsible for managing the installation and removal of applications. The Windows Installer service works in conjunction with a new application package format, the .msi file. An msi file is a package that contains all the necessary instructions to install an application on a computer. This includes which registry entries should be added or changed, which files should be copied to which locations, which shortcuts should be created, and so forth. This technology can allow an application to be deployed without any user intervention whatsoever. Note that the msi file doesn't actually contain all of the files to be deployed. Instead, it contains the instructions for how the application is to be deployed. Benefits of the msi and Windows Installer method of installing software include self-healing and resilience of applications. That is, if a user were to accidentally delete or remove files associated with a deployed application, the application will go back to it's installation source (assuming it is available), and will automatically fix itself. 

This article was originally published on Mar 23, 2001

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