Getting Started with Apache 1.3 Page 8

If your system is running Unix, you can find its fully-qualified name by simply typing "hostname" at the shell prompt. The result should look something like this:

    % hostname

If it only displays a partial name (like "www"), you need to find out the correct domain name and put the two together.

If you're running Windows NT, you can find out your fully-qualified system name by going to the Start->Settings->Control Panel menu choice and double-clicking on the Network icon. Choose the Protocols tab, select TCP/IP Protocol, and click the Properties... button. Finally, choose the DNS tab. Your fully-qualified host name is the Host Name put together with the Domain value, separated by a dot.

Validating the Configuration Files

The last thing to do before starting up your new Apache installation is to make sure it's configured properly. On a Unix system, you do this with the following command:

    # /usr/local/web/apache/bin/apachectl configtest
    Syntax OK

On Windows, you can do this by typing the following command in a DOS window:

    C:\Program Files\Apache Group\APACHE>apache -t
    c:/program files/apache group/apache/conf/httpd.conf: Syntax OK

If there's anything syntactically wrong with your configuration files, you'll get an error message describing the problem. But from a vanilla installation everything should be healthy.

Starting Apache

Once the Apache software is ready to go, the next step is to actually activate it. The means of doing this differs depending upon your platform and how you installed it; for instance, if you installed an RPM package, there's a good chance that the installation automatically started the server as well.

Starting Apache on Unix

Once you've done the make install, you're ready to actually start the server running. You do this on Unix with the following command:

    % /usr/local/web/apache/bin/apachectl start
    /usr/local/web/apache/bin/apachectl start: httpd started

Starting Apache on Windows

There are two ways to start Apache on the Windows platform. One is to select the Start->Programs->Apache Web Server->Start Apache menu item, and the other is to do it in a DOS window:

    C:\Program Files\Apache Group\APACHE>apache -k start

Actually, as a third method you can go into the services control panel and start the Apache servce, if you first select the Start->Programs->Apache Web Server->Install Apache&nsbpas a service option first -- but I suggest that you leave that option for later, after you're assured that your server is running properly.

Customising Your Content

The very most important thing you should do before you turn the server on and let people start accessing it is:


This article was originally published on Jun 1, 2000

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