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Understanding Local Security and the System Account

By ServerWatch Staff (Send Email)
Posted Nov 19, 2001


Christopher Rice

          In the world of Windows administration, you will stumble on security quite frequently.  During my first job, it was funny to see how secret the local administrator password was to the group.  Nothing was held quite so sacred.  

In the world of Windows administration, you will stumble on security quite frequently. During my first job, it was funny to see how secret the local administrator password was to the group. Nothing was held quite so sacred. Nothing has changed with Windows 2000, nor will it with the inception of XP -- you will still need to manage the security in your environment, and it will still be a pain in the butt. And now with the idea of user vs. machine and the introduction of Windows Installer and enterprise management, things have gotten even more confusing. So, let's get back to the basics. To access the security for your local machine, go to the Control Panel and then to Local Security Policy. You will be presented with the following:

          Nothing has changed with Windows 2000, nor will it with the inception of XP -- you will still need to manage the security in your environment, and it will still be a pain in the butt.  

          And now with the idea of user vs. machine and the introduction of Windows Installer and enterprise management, things have gotten even more confusing.  So, let's get back to the basics.  

          To access the security for your local machine, go to the Control Panel and then to Local Security Policy.  You will be presented with the following:



          From here, you can drill down into any of the folders to work with the security policy on the machine that you are on.  For example, here is how you would restrict Password Policy:



          Whatever you want to do with the security policy, this is where you will do it.  You will want to allow the local administrator all rights and, naturally, the system as well.  

          These accounts are your most important...and the ones that you do not want anyone messing with.  Microsoft has a great article entitled "How the System Account is Used".  You can get to it from the following link:

http://support.microsoft.com/support/kb/articles/Q120/9/29.asp?LN=EN-US&SD=gn&FR=0&qry=Q120929&rnk=1&src=DHCS_MSPSS_gn_SRCH&SPR=WIN2000

          Let me know if you have any questions about these accounts or security in general.

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