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Learn AD in 15 Minutes a Week: Windows 2000 GPO Software Deployment

By ServerWatch Staff (Send Email)
Posted Jul 24, 2002


by Jason Zandri
www.2000trainers.com

Welcome to the 11th installment of Learn Active Directory Design and Administration in 15 Minutes a Week, a weekly series aimed at current IT professionals preparing to write the new Windows Active Directory Design and Administration exams (70-219 and 70-217 respectively), as well as newcomers to the field who are trying to get a solid grasp on this new and emerging directory service from Microsoft. This installment is going to cover some of the Windows 2000 Server Software Management Tools for handling the deployment and management of software through Group Policy. This week is going to focus on Deploying Software and Software Maintenance.


Jason Zandri's latest article in the Learn Active Directory Design and Administration in 15 Minutes a Week series covers some of the Windows 2000 Server Software Management Tools with a focus on deploying software and software maintenance.

Deploying Software

There are different approaches to deploying software and there is no one set standard that is going to fit all the needs of every organization and enterprise. There are a few guidelines and default behaviors that the different methods employ.

The reference chart below shows some of the differences between the different methods.


 

Publish (User Only)

Assign (User)

Assign (Computer)

After Group Policy deployment the software is available for installation after:

The next logon

The next logon

The next time the computer starts

Typically the user installs the software from:

Add/Remove Programs in Control Panel

Start menu or Desktop shortcut

The software is automatically installed when the computer reboots

If the software is not installed, and the user accesses an associated file:

The software will install if auto-install is turned on

The software will install.

The software is automatically installed when the computer reboots

Can the user remove the software using Add/Remove Programs in Control Panel?

Yes, and the user can choose to install it again from Add/Remove Programs in Control Panel

Yes, and the software is available for installation again from the typical install points

No. Only the local administrator can remove the software; a user can run a repair on the software

Supported installation files:

Windows Installer packages, .zap files

Windows Installer packages

Windows Installer packages


You want to ASSIGN an application when you want everyone to have the application on his or her computer. Applications can be published to both computers and users.

You want to PUBLISH an application when you want the application to be available to people. When applications are published, users are able to decide whether or not to install the published application. Applications can only be published to users, not to computers.

The application is available for users to install either by using Add/Remove Programs in Control Panel or by attempting to access a file with a file extension that has been associated with the application.

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