Getting Started with mod_perl in 30 Minutes Page 2
Now we download the latest source distributions of Apache and mod_perl. If
you have the
LWP module installed (also known as libwww and
available from CPAN), you should have the
that partly imitates your favorite browser by allowing you to download files
from the Internet. You can use any other method to retrieve these files. Just
make sure that you save both files in the
/usr/src directory, as
this will make it easier for you to follow the example installation process. Of
course you can install both packages anywhere on your file system:
% lwp-download http://www.apache.org/dist/apache_1.3.12.tar.gz % lwp-download http://perl.apache.org/dist/mod_perl-1.24.tar.gz
You can make sure that you're downloading the latest stable versions by visiting the following distribution directories: http://www.apache.org/dist/ and http://perl.apache.org/dist/. As you have guessed already, the former URL is the main Apache distribution directory, the latter is the same thing for mod_perl.
Untar both sources. You have to uncompress and untar the files. In addition to its main usage for tarring and untarring files, the GNU
tarutility is able to uncompress files compressed by the
gziputility, when the
-zoption is used:% tar -zvxf apache_1.3.12.tar.gz % tar -zvxf mod_perl-1.24.tar.gz
If you have a non-GNU
tarutility, chances are that it will be unable to decompress, so you need to do it in two steps. First uncompress the packages with:% gzip -d apache_1.3.12.tar.gz % gzip -d mod_perl-1.24.tar.gz
Then untar them with:% tar -xvf apache_1.3.12.tar % tar -xvf mod_perl-1.24.tar
If you don't have
gziputilities available, either install them or use their equivalents.
Now go into the mod_perl source distribution directory:% cd mod_perl-1.24
The next step is to create the
Makefile:% perl Makefile.PL APACHE_SRC=../apache_1.3.12/src DO_HTTPD=1 USE_APACI=1 PERL_MARK_WHERE=1 EVERYTHING=1
mod_perl accepts a variety of parameters, in this scenario we are going to use those that will allow you to do almost everything with mod_perl. Once you learn more about mod_perl you will be able to fine tune the list of parameters passed to
Makefile.PL. In future articles I'll go through all the available options.
perl Makefile.PL ...execution will check for prerequisites and tell you which required software packages are missing from your system. If you don't have some of the Perl packages installed, you will have to install these before you proceed. They all are available from CPAN and can be easily downloaded and installed.
If you choose to install mod_perl with help of the
CPAN.pmmodule, it will install all the missing modules for you. To do so, tell
CPAN.pmto install the
This step also executes the
./configurescript from Apache's source distribution directory (absolutely transparently for you), which prepares the Apache build configuration files. If you need to pass parameters to Apache's
./configurescript, just pass them as options to
perl Makefile.PL .... In future articles we will talk about all the available options.
Now you should build the
httpdexecutable by using the