Enterprise Unix Roundup: Debian Thins the Ranks Page 2
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» IBM launched a SUSE Linux development and certification program for ISVs. The program will be available at nine of its 25 Innovation Centers. The centers will offer testing and provide online resources to create applications compatible with IBM and the applicable Linux distribution. This announcement comes three months after Big Blue launched a similar program for Red Hat developers.
» Netcraft's latest stats, released earlier this week, highlight Red Hat's community-based Fedora Core Linux as the fastest-growing Linux distribution in use on Web servers. Red Hat distros in general continue to own the majority of the Linux Web server market. According to Netcraft, from September 2004 to March 2005, Fedora Core was on 405,682 sites, an increase of about 122 percent from the 182,421 sites at the beginning of the period. During the same period, the total number of Red-Hat-based Web servers declined 1.2 percent; however, Red Hat remains in the top spot overall with 1,610,427 sites. Netcraft estimates that the combined Red Hat Linux and Fedora numbers comprise around 50 percent of the market.
» In the name of simplification, Sun is replacing the Sun Community Source License (SCSL) with three other licenses. The Java 2, Standard Edition (J2SE) 5.0 (released late last year), the soon-to-be-released Java Distribution License (JDL), and the Java Internal Use License (JIUL) will be made available for use with J2SE source code. Sun has opted to divide the SCSL to make its licensing options less daunting in terms of both size and complexity. The three licenses will play a part in Sun's new transparency mission, codenamed Project Peabody, for the Java platform. All three licenses will offer developers a peek into the J2SE source code.
SurgeMail was updated to version 2.2g3. The changelog is brief: It has removed the option to delete domains in certain contexts to prevent accidental deletions and conflicts with multiple administrative users.
SMTP server Postfix was updated to version 2.2.0. The changelog includes mention of newly built-in IPv6 and TLS support, SMTP client connection reuse, better handling of addressing for local and outbound mail, and more flexibility in the handling of ESMTP features.
QuickMail Pro was upgraded to version 3.5.2. The changelog notes improved handling of HTML mail, more flexible designation of ports for the SMTP listener, and several other interoperability and bug fixes.
The KDE Foundation released version 3.4 of its open source desktop operating environment. The new release boasts improved accessibility via a KDE text-to-speech framework that integrates with a number of KDE desktop applications and contains more than 6,500 bug fixes.
Fedora Core 4 Test 1 was released this week. The release notes weren't available as we went to press, but the brief announcement on the project's home page notes that the new release includes "GCC 4.0, GNOME 2.10, and KDE 3.4, as well as support for the PowerPC architecture."
Tips of the Trade
Partitioning hard disks is one of those jobs every system administrator must do sooner or later. In the Unix/Linux world cfdisk, fdisk, and sfdisk partition, and mkfs creates filesystems on the partitions. All four are powerful utilities for creating disk partitions on Unix, Linux, Mac OS X, and Windows. However, they are also destructive: They cannot alter an existing partition without destroying the data.
parted is the GNU command-line utility for creating or resizing moving partitions without damaging data. It also works on any Unix, Linux, Mac OS X, or Windows partition.
QTParted is a graphical front-end to all of these command-line disk-partitioning and filesystem-creating programs, which simplifies the whole process considerably. With QTParted, you can create, resize, delete, or format any partition with a couple of mouse clicks. It supports all of the major Linux and Windows filesystems: FAT, NTFS, ReiserFS, ext2/ext3, XFS, and JFS. Although it runs only on Unix/Linux, Knoppix includes QTParted, so in reality, you can use it on any system, regardless of OS.
The only downside of QTParted is that it is not actively maintained at this time. However, since it is licensed under the GPL, anyone can pick up the project and continue development. Hopefully that means this excellent program will not be orphaned!
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