Learn AD in 15 Minutes a Week: Windows 2000 Network Environment Overview

By ServerWatch Staff (Send Email)
Posted Apr 2, 2003


by Jason Zandri
www.2000trainers.com


Welcome to the second installment of Learn Active Directory Design and Administration in 15 Minutes a Week, a weekly series aimed at current IT professionals preparing to write the new Windows Active Directory Design and Administration exams (70-219 and 70-217 respectively), as well as newcomers to the field who are trying to get a solid grasp on this new and emerging directory service from Microsoft.

Jason Zandri's second article in the Learn Active Directory Design and Administration in 15 Minutes a Week provides an overview of the Windows peer-to-peer Network Environment and the Windows domain Network Environment.

This week I will begin my introduction to Active Directory Design and Administration by giving an overview of the Windows peer-to-peer Network Environment and the Windows domain Network Environment.

Windows 2000 Network Environment Overview

The Windows 2000 Active Directory is the directory service used in the Windows 2000 Server family as well as the upcoming .NET server, which stores information about all objects on a network that are available to the directory, and makes this information available to users with the proper permissions to access the objects using a single logon process. It provides network administrators with a single point of administration for all network objects.

Active Directory is currently available in the Windows 2000 Server family as well as the upcoming .NET server.

Currently there are three versions in the Windows 2000 Server family.


Windows 2000 Server

Minimum System Requirements for Windows 2000 Server

Computer/Processor 133 MHz or higher Pentium-compatible CPU
Memory 256 megabytes (MB) of RAM recommended minimum [128 MB minimum supported; 4 gigabytes (GB) maximum]
Hard Disk 2 GB hard disk with a minimum of 1.0 GB free space. (Additional free hard disk space is required if you are installing over a network.)
CPU Support Windows 2000 Server supports up to four CPUs on one machine


Windows 2000 Advanced Server

Minimum System Requirements for Windows 2000 Advanced Server

Computer/Processor 133 MHz or higher Pentium-compatible CPU
Memory 256 MB of RAM recommended minimum (128 MB minimum supported; 8 GB maximum)
Hard Disk 2 GB hard disk with a minimum of 1.0 GB free space. (Additional free hard disk space is required if you are installing over a network.)
CPU Support Windows 2000 Advanced Server supports up to eight CPUs on one machine


Windows 2000 Datacenter Server

Minimum System Requirements for Windows 2000 Datacenter Server

Computer 8-way capable or higher server (supports up to 32-way)*

* Note: Fault-tolerant system configurations are required to have at least 8 processors within the hardware solution
Processor Pentium III Xeon processors or higher
Memory 256 megabytes (MB) of RAM recommended
Hard Disk 2 gigabyte (GB) hard disk with a minimum of 1 GB free space. (Additional free hard disk space is required if you are installing over a network.)
Drive CD-ROM or DVD drive
Display VGA or higher resolution monitor


When you set up a Windows 2000 Network Environment, you can elect to set it up as a workgroup or as a domain. Windows 2000 Professional, Windows XP Professional and the Windows 2000 Server family can participate in either of these two network types. There are administrative differences between the two as well as advantages and disadvantages to both.

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